The secrets of breeding fish in artificial reservoirs
Artificial ponds on the farm can not only perform a decorative function, being the showy part of the design, but to bring good favor. Breeding fish in artificial reservoirs is a fascinating pastime that allows you to diversify leisure and grow clean fish. Deciding to create a pond to breed fish for the purpose of realization of a dream about fishing at his cottage must be properly organize everything. About this we will talk.
What should be the optimum size of the reservoir?
Ideal for recreation and hobby fishing is the location of the site close to the existing reservoir. For lack of opportunities to enjoy the bounty of nature, the owners of small plots can always create it yourself pond to breed fish.
Among the most picky in the care of fish can be safely attributed carp and carp. These undemanding species well adapted to life in stagnant and even quite small ponds
Carp – fish that get along quite well on small areas. As practice shows, the carp in small ponds is increasing a lot faster than in larger ponds. This is because in a small area, the fish spends less energy on foraging. A pond of small size convenient for the master as for the small pond is easier to care for.
Kotlovanova sizes vary depending on the preferences and capabilities of the owner of the site
A small pond can hold up to two dozen crucians and a few carp of medium size. The average is taken for 1 cube of water 10 to 20 fish.
For breeding carp and carp best suit home pond, having a size of 4×6 meters, the depth is from 0.8 to 1.5 meters. The main advantage of this size of the pond is sufficiently rapid heating of water in summer to a temperature of 24-26 degrees, which is the most favorable for the life of these species. Lowering the temperature in the reservoir up to 12 degrees can cause a decrease in feeding intensity and growth activity in fish. Raising the temperature above 30 degrees can lead to reduced activity of the vital processes of carp and crucian carp.
Preparation of pond for fish farming
Keeping and breeding fish in artificial reservoirs begins with the completion of the excavation for the reservoir. Having defined the size of the future pond, and digging the pit should be leveled and compacted the ground surface. The bottom of the future reservoir, it is desirable to cement.
Alternative budget option may be the use of thick polyethylene film for laying the bottom
With careful use of film quite a solid Foundation can last more than one season. The laying on the bottom of the pit is pre-glued together automobile inner tubes from trucks – is also quite common variant that does not require large financial expenses.
Wanting to breed in the pond besides the fish, even crayfish on the bottom of the reservoir can be laid broken pots, tubes and different size stones. Such “hiding places” will allow cancers to escape from the fish during molting.
Coast of the reservoir can plant moisture-loving plants such as reeds and willow
Fill the pond as well, spring or artesian and ordinary tap water. No matter what kind of water filled the reservoir, start the fish in the first days in almost “sterile” water should not hurry. Water need to warm up in the sun, to settle and acquire microorganisms. In other words, water should become “live”. To accelerate the process of enrichment of water microflora will help a couple of buckets of “live” water transferred from pond lived, as well as the beam faded grass, descended to the bottom of the new reservoir.
Providing the right microclimate
The acidity in the pond should vary in the range of 7-8 R. Optimal for cultivation of fish is considered a neutral environment. Lowering the pH to 5 R adversely for the life of carp and crucian carp. To increase the acidity in the pond is possible by making the portions of limestone or soda solution. To determine the average pH of the water should perform the measurements in several places around the perimeter of the reservoir. This should take into account that the speed of a chemical reaction between substances depends on factors such as the intensity of sunlight. Direct sunlight greatly accelerates the process.
It happens so that even the use of additives can give only short-term effect.
If the acidity even under the influence of substances decreases over time, you should look for the reason that causes the development of such an environment
Not less important condition of fish in the pond is the optimum temperature. It is very important that the temperature of the tank with the fish and the pond was exactly the same.
The process of equalizing the water temperature of the tank with the fish to the temperature inside of the reservoir will reduce the risk of fish temperature shock that can cause death even in adults for the first night.
After carrying out preparatory works to produce healthy fish. Some of the secrets of proper launching the fish in the pond is presented in the video:
What to feed our fish?
Breeding fish in artificial reservoirs and provides for the artificial feeding significantly improves weight gain. Because carp are omnivorous, feeding fish it is possible to apply the compound feed intended for poultry and pigs.
Fish with pleasure absorbs and natural resources of the reservoir: earthworms, insects
The ratio of the volume of the grain feed to mass of fish should not exceed 3-5%. Organizing feeding fish it is advisable to adhere to a certain schedule. Feed the fish at the same time, 1-2 times a day at designated area. Equipping a place for feeding, you can prepare a table-tray which can be easily lowered and gets out of the water. The use of “feeders” allows you to control the remnants of uneaten feed, acidification of which can spoil the water. To generate the individuals of a conditioned reflex, encouraging the fish to feed, you can use the bell.