Intellectuals with obnoxious character
Fish’s extensive collection of cichlids are one of the most interesting inhabitants of the aquarium. And this is connected not only with their beautiful coloring, but also with a very complex behavior.
Watching a pair of cichlids that build a nest for future spawning. Another thing is that in a fit of parental activity they dug up the soil and rip out all the plants and you will have to equip everything all over again… But I get bored with them you just do not have. Large species can grow up to two feet in length, and live in the aquarium up to 25 years. Small cichlids live less than 3-6 years.
Fish cichlids are complex.
The origin of aquarium cichlids
Because the family is quite numerous and widespread across the globe, aquarium cichlids come from different regions with different habitat conditions. In aquariums contain mostly American and African cichlids. The last occurs, for the most part, from three major African lakes: Victoria, Tanganyika and Malawi. For each of the groups requires special conditions.
The content aquariums fish cichlids
There is no uniform content for all the fish, all individually for each species.
Because fish in different groups come from different regions, conditions they can vary greatly. There is a very undemanding species that undemanding nor to sostavi clean water or food. Others sicken and fade even with a slight fluctuation of pH or water hardness factor. Therefore, General recommendations for all kinds of Cichlids.
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Compatible cichlids with other fish
Aquarium fish cichlids are aggressive, territorial and many of them are predators. Small fish they will eat, their kind tend to fight (especially during the breeding season). Live in one aquarium the cichlids of different kinds and different colors, but approx the same size. Some species are so intractable that we have to keep them separate from all the others.
Among the members of the family and there are outright predators, and relatively peaceful herbivorous species. But neither species can be considered completely safe for the neighbors in the aquarium. Well the cichlids eat live food, frozen or canned and dry. As feed for large species can be used and minced beef, and seafood. Herbivorous species can be given finely chopped salad leaves, cabbage, quinoa, dandelion.
Cichlids are characterized by complex behavior, especially during the breeding season. Some species build nest carefully, perekapyvaya the whole ground in search of a better place, moving rather large rocks and driftwood. Laying eggs, both parents are taken diligently to protect it, driving all the other inhabitants of the aquarium, and even each other. Other species, such as tilapia, which prefer to carry their eggs in their own mouth. And then there is refuge and hatched larvae.
However, the differences in the behaviour and conditions of cichlids from different groups are too great to make General recommendations for the whole family.
Diseases and treatment of the cichlids
Generally, the family does not enjoy the glory of the sickly and capricious Pets. While ensuring good conditions, with correct composition and quality of water and food, cichlids rarely get sick.
Group of cichlids and their brief description
This group includes a fairly large species of cichlids that inhabit the waters of Central and South America:
luxury predatory astronotus;
several types of beautiful ACAR;
wonderful, brightly colored nigrofasciata: Festa, Meeka, Managua, diamond and others;
widely known angelfish;
Most species of American cichlids prefer clean water, with hardness in the range of 11-20°, pH in the range from 6 to 9, with temperatures ranging from 22 to 28°C. Aquariums require large, especially for large species such as the Managua nigrofasciata and astronotus: up to 300 liters for a couple. The American species of cichlids are aggressive, predatory and have obnoxious personalities, especially during the breeding season.
African cichlids originate primarily from lakes Malawi, Tanganyika and Victoria, and several rivers. River species live in cooler waters, whereas lake prefer pretty warm water: 25-26°C for Malawian species and 24°C for cichlids of lake Tanganyika. Almost all kinds of different beautiful bright color and complex behavior. Are both very small and also very large species.
Part of Malawi cichlids prefer to eat plant foods, some almost exclusively uses animal (not hesitating and cannibalism). For Malawi aquarium fish cichlids are labidochromis, melanochromis, pseudotropheus, haplochromis, aulonocara, citrocasa.
Great Tanganyika lake Malawi differs from the composition of the water and lower its temperature. Tanganyika species require slightly alkaline (pH 8,7-9,2), very clean water without any traces of nitrates. The lake is home to various species of chromis, spatacus, tilapia, lamprologus and tropheus.
Choosing as the inhabitants of the aquarium of cichlids, you will get a lot of pleasure, watching the bright fish, fish with unusual intelligence and character.