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Fish and other animals in the pond

Fish enliven the garden pond: for their graceful movements interesting to watch. The role of fish in maintaining the balance of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the water is usually exaggerated, while the benefits they offer by eating mosquito larvae, it is difficult to overestimate. However, the presence of fish in the pond is desirable, but not necessary, since usually little impact on maintaining the purity of water.

When choosing fish, primarily guided by the size of your pond. If you are not strapped for cash, you might want to purchase expensive and beautiful koi. Unfortunately, these fish need special conditions – the surface area of the pond not less than 7.5 square metres and a depth of at least 1.2 m. At the other end of the scale are hardy and unassuming goldfish and shubunkin who are able to live with any, even very tiny pond – it is necessary only to ensure that in winter the surface water is not delayed by ice for a long time. Between koi and goldfish is Golden Orff, which required a pond with a surface area of at least 4 sq. m.

Another important consideration is visibility. Motley shubunkin and black telescopes spectacular aquarium, but in a pond they are lost. Better to populate the pond with bright white, yellow, orange and red fish. The most suitable for this is the movable gold zolotarivka and Orpah, because they always stick at the water surface. Continue reading

Diseases of aquarium fish

Aquarium fish, like other living creatures, susceptible to various diseases. If you want the inhabitants of Your aquarium pleasing to the eye, will not only have time to change the water and feed the fish, but to follow some other rules and also to monitor the health of beneficiaries. In this article we will discuss the main diseases of aquarium fish, symptoms, methods of treatment and prevention.

For any disease, it is important to identify it. Pay attention to the inhabitants of Your aquarium. Sick fish swims slowly or if the pendulum dangling in the water. Try to hit your finger on the glass, any healthy fish will sharply depart from the source of the noise. If the fish in response to knock is behaving sluggishly — this is a worrying sign. The presence of the disease is the fact that for a long time, the fish hangs at the water surface, not moving its fins, or Vice versa cannot rise from the bottom. Consider the most common diseases of aquarium fish.

The cause of hydrocephalus, as a rule, are unfavorable conditions: poor temperature, lack of aeration, the water is dirty. The fish who had dropsy, exophthalmia, and appears General weakness, the body swells, the scales are raised, the skin swells and becomes whitish.

Dropsy can be cured only at an early stage, so it’s very important scoreability the disease. Treatment involves a bath of 80 mg of Chloromycetin per 10 liters of water in which fish is placed for up to 30 minutes. Continue reading

Freshwater fish

Bioculatum eight-striped Cichlasoma (Cichlasoma octofasciatum), also known as cichlasoma-bee or bioculatum, it is a large and brightly colored American cichlid. She has a low and compact body, but it can grow up to 25 cm in length.Adult cichlasoma-bee is very beautiful, but what would become like this she needs at least a year. The male is more handsome, has more diamond points on the body and edges of the dorsal and anal fins reddish. At this time, there are many different color options, all thanks to interbreeding. And one of the most popular is the blue cichlasoma Dempsey, which differs from the only eight-striped color (bright blue) and weaker health. It is not very common, because the litter such juvenile at best will be 20%, and the rest will be classic color eight-striped cichlasoma.

Discus (Discus) 7 cm Discus is a peaceful fish, however it is very demanding on water parameters! So I strongly suggest that you take seriously the conditions of her imprisonment in the aquarium!

Pearl gourami 10 cm In pearl gourami strongly compressed laterally, in the shape of an elongated oval, body, dorsal and anal fins are large. The males dorsal fin is greatly elongated. The tip of his pointed. In females it is much shorter and rounded. Continue reading

Fish-Ghost

Glass catfish — fish is very distinctive. Not only that, they have an unusual color, or rather lack of it, they do not behave like other catfishes…

Glass catfish

In Taurus this remarkable fish has no pigments. Catfish were shining through — see the skeleton and some entrails. Throughout the length of 6-10 cm of the body is a stripe of the ridge, you can see the spikes rib bones — Jolly Roger of your aquarium, night Ghost and a pirate.

Fish really like glass, not alive and it is not clear where her heart and blood.

But it has created mother nature this dwusage Indian glass catfish. Although some incorrectly call it Thai or confused with Malaysian less transparent yellowish glass. But a little adjust you without effort will distinguish the true from its other Indian counterparts, and familiarizing myself already never with anybody will not mix up on the behavior.

Buying glass you should know that to buy these fishes for aquarium decorations is not worth it. Huge probability that their Pets during the day you won’t notice. Glass catfish do not have pigment and as all albinos prefer the night to the day. Continue reading

Intellectuals with obnoxious character

Fish’s extensive collection of cichlids are one of the most interesting inhabitants of the aquarium. And this is connected not only with their beautiful coloring, but also with a very complex behavior.

Watching a pair of cichlids that build a nest for future spawning. Another thing is that in a fit of parental activity they dug up the soil and rip out all the plants and you will have to equip everything all over again… But I get bored with them you just do not have. Large species can grow up to two feet in length, and live in the aquarium up to 25 years. Small cichlids live less than 3-6 years.

Fish cichlids are complex.

The origin of aquarium cichlids

Because the family is quite numerous and widespread across the globe, aquarium cichlids come from different regions with different habitat conditions. In aquariums contain mostly American and African cichlids. The last occurs, for the most part, from three major African lakes: Victoria, Tanganyika and Malawi. For each of the groups requires special conditions. Continue reading

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